Headquarters of the Metareilá association in Cacoal-RO
The Metareilá Association of the Indigenous People Suruí, was founded on 02/14/1989, operates in the
defense and preservation of cultural and territorial heritage, seeking to promote the guarantee of
biodiversity and the formation of indigenous peoples and leaders in order to build and
strengthen their autonomy.
The various activities developed by Metareilá, seek to involve the entire community
thus ensuring respect for the social organization, its customs, languages,
beliefs, traditions and all other forms of cultural manifestations.
Its performance in the defense of the territorial patrimony is being developed with the Project
PAMINE, this project has as main objective the reforestation of degraded areas
of the Sete de Setembro Indigenous Land.
We currently have support and partnerships to develop activities and projects for
indigenous cause, sustainable development and production, territorial and cultural protection
of the Paiter Surui People and also collaborate to strengthen the demands of others
People. For we believe that only by joining forces can we fight for our rights.
In view of the current Brazilian government situation with regard to continuous
threats to the withdrawal of acquired rights of indigenous peoples, support for leaders to
defending rights and seeking public policies to safeguard its people is of the utmost
The Metareilá Association together with the leaders and community, acts strongly in the
search for public policies that serve in the area of education, culture,
sustainability, sustainable agricultural production and extractivism.
Surui Paiter People
The “Surui” of Rondônia is the best known name of our people. It was given to us by anthropologists, but our real name is "Paiter", which in our language means: "THE TRUE PEOPLE, WE SAME" we were contacted in 1969 through a FUNAI expedition, headed by the sertanista Francisco Meirelles. We made contact with Funai for the need for a truce in the conflicts, at that time they were being pressured by the migration. According to some elders, they were tired of so much war, either against other indigenous groups or in the defense of their territory. So also with the need to obtain the machetes, axes and knives offered by the sertanistas.
It all started with the colonization program of the 70's that attracted thousands of people to Rondônia, in search of Eldorado. The 2nd colonization project called Ji-Paraná bordered the Suruí territory. It is estimated that from 1977 to April 1983 the number of immigrants reached 271,000 people from various states in the south and southeast of the country. After contact, in 1971, several diseases appeared that we did not know, such as measles and a large part of the population perished as a victim of this unknown disease.
Today we are approximately 1,800 Suruí living in the 27 villages located in the Indigenous Land, these villages maintain close relations with each other, determined by ties of kinship and marriage. We live in a territory of 249,000 hectares (Indigenous Land Sete de Setembro) that is around 50 to 60 km from BR 364. The area is partly in Rondônia and partly in Mato Grosso between the parallels 10º 44 39 "and 11º 1500" ; was approved on October 17, 1983.
We speak the language of the Tupi group and the Mondé family and the fluent use of the language, the maintenance of the traditional architectural concept and the production of cultural objects demonstrate the strength of the Paiter Suruí culture. However, the proximity to colonization areas and urban centers has contributed to the deterioration of important aspects of culture such as proximity to myths, the maintenance of religiosity and intimacy with the elements of nature.
Paiter Suruí society is composed of patrilineal groups: Gameb, Gabgir, Makor and Kaban. Each of the Suruí villages is an autonomous unit, in which political power is exercised by a chief (labiway). They all work in family, cultivation based on family farming and each family has its fields being traditional and non-traditional we grow, coffee, cocoa, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, bananas, peanuts, yams and in the forest you get chestnuts, honey, hearts of palm, fruits seasonal and hunting and fishing.