Paiter Suruí Indigenous People

“Paiter“, which in our language means: “THE TRUE PEOPLE, WE SAME” were contacted in 1969 through a FUNAI expedition, headed by the sertanista Francisco Meirelles. The name "Suruí" It was given to us by anthropologists.

 

We made contact with Funai for the need for a truce in the conflicts, at that time they were being pressured by the migration. According to some older people, they were tired of so much war, either against other indigenous groups or in the defense of their territory. So also with the need to obtain the machetes, axes and knives offered by the sertanistas. Today we are approximately 1,800 Suruí living in the 27 villages located in the Indigenous Land, these villages maintain close relations with each other, determined by ties of kinship and marriage. We live in a territory of 249,000 hectares (Indigenous Land Sete de Setembro) that is about 50 to 60 km from BR 364. The area is partly in Rondônia and partly in Mato-Grosso, was approved on October 17, 1983. We speak the language of the Tupi group and the Mondé family and the fluent use of the language, the maintenance of the traditional architectural concept and the production of cultural objects demonstrate the strength of the Paiter Suruí culture. However, the proximity to colonization areas and urban centers has contributed to the deterioration of important aspects of culture such as proximity to myths, the maintenance of religiosity and intimacy with the elements of nature. Paiter Suruí society is composed of patrilineal groups: Gameb, Gabgir, Makor and Kaban. Each of the Suruí villages is an autonomous unit, in which political power is exercised by a chief (labiway).

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